Circle of Blue
February 10, 2016
Flint Water Crisis Dashboard
Flint Water Crisis Dashboard

Dear *|FNAME|*,

In April 2014, an ill-fated decision to switch water sources triggered a series of governance and infrastructure failures that contaminated drinking water in Flint, Michigan’s seventh largest city, with high levels of lead. For residents of Flint, whose concerns about water quality went unaddressed for more than a year and whose children may suffer the lifelong effects of lead poisoning, the crisis has exacted an indescribable cost and driven deep fissures in public trust.

For government leaders and regulators — in Michigan and nationally — it has been a merciless lesson in the political cost of deferring critical infrastructure investments and prioritizing economic concerns over the provision of clean, safe water. Explore and follow the issue's every turn through our comprehensive Flint Water Crisis Dashboard.

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Prof. Frank Hadley Collins, Dir., Cntr. for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, Univ. of Notre Dame

This 2006 photograph depicted a female Aedes aegypti mosquito while she was in the process of acquiring a blood meal from her human host, who in this instance, was actually the biomedical photographer, James Gathany, here at the Centers for Disease Control.  You?ll note the feeding apparatus consisting of a sharp, ?fascicle?, which while not feeding, is covered in a soft, pliant sheath called the "labellum?, which is seen here retracted, as the sharp ?stylets? contained within pierced the host's skin surface, as the insect obtained its blood meal. The fascicle is composed of a pair of needle-sharp stylets. The larger of the two stylets, known as the "labrum", when viewed in cross-section takes on the shape of an inverted "V", and acts as a gutter, which directs the ingested host blood towards the insect's mouth. This female?s abdomen had become distended due to the blood meal she was ingesting, imparting the red coloration to her translucent abdominal exoskeleton.

DF and DHF are primarily diseases of tropical and sub-tropical areas, and the four different dengue serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4), are maintained in a cycle that involves humans and the Aedes mosquito. However, Aedes aegypti, a domestic, day-biting mosquito that prefers to feed on humans, is the most common Aedes species. Infections produce a spectrum of clinical illness ranging from a nonspecific viral syndrome to severe and fatal hemorrhagic disease. Important risk factors for DHF include the strain of the infecting virus, as well as the age, and especially the prior dengue infection history of the patient.
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Zika is carried by mosquitoes that reproduce in standing water, but in some cities that water can be hard to eliminate.

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  Sitka, Alaska Still Waits on First Bulk Water Export  

City favors contract extension with company that missed $US 1 million payment deadline.

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  The Most Important Water Stories of 2015  

Climate risk and energy development, groundwater and conflict — the political awareness of water grew in 2015. Read More… Share this article:Share on... Read More...

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Flint water plant
  Strength of New EPA Lead Rule Depends on Accountability  

Expert panel recommendations are criticized for lacking teeth. Read More… Share this article:Share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter... Read More...

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  Binational Commission Calls For Public Trust Framework For Great Lakes  

States and provinces have made significant strides to prevent diversions of Great Lakes water, but more should be done, report finds. Read More… Share this... Read More...

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  Durban Water and Sanitation For Poor Sets Global Standard  

South African city’s water experimentation and innovation serves 1 million residents. Read More… Share this article:Share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click... Read More...

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  February 1: Senators Propose $US 600 Million for Flint, Plus House Hearing on the Lead Crisis  
Michigan senators propose federal funds for Flint while the House Oversight Committee schedules first congressional hearing on the drinking water crisis. Wetlan ...Read more...

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  February 8: First Flint Hearing in Congress Combines Outrage and Blame  
House Oversight Committee hosts first of what will be many Flint hearings while the FBI begins investigating. Water infrastructure bills are introduced in Congr ...Read more...

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Daily Global Water News

  February 12: Nepal Communities Still Struggle for Water After 2015
Communities affected by a major earthquake in Nepal last year are still struggling to secure adequate water supplies. Scientists worry that the Zika virus is ju ...Read more.

February 11: Drought in Haiti Pushes Millions Toward Hunger
A three-year drought in Haiti threatens millions of people with hunger, the United Nations warned, while the contaminated water used to grow vegetables in Tanza ...Read more.

February 10: Pakistan Port City Hit By Water Shortages
Population growth and drought are driving water shortages in Gwadar, a port city in Pakistan that plans to become a major international trade center. Food short ...Read more.

February 9: Sea Level Rise Will Last Thousands of Years, Study Finds
Rising sea levels will have consequences for human civilization thousands of years into the future, even if global temperature increases are contained, scientis ...Read more.

February 8: Brazil Dam Failure May Lead to Homicide Charges
Brazil may charge executives at a mining company for homicide over a tailings dam failure that killed 17 people. Radioactive water seeped into groundwater at a  ...Read more.

February 5: Zimbabwe, Hit By Drought, Will Declare National Emergency
Zimbabwe announced plans to declare a national emergency as it faces food shortages amid a severe drought, while water levels rose at Kariba dam, potentially av ...Read more.

February 4: Canada’s Oil Sands Development In Doubt
The future of the water-intensive, polluting development of oil sands in Alberta is in question amid a global slump in oil prices. Iraq plans to repair and mai ...Read more.

February 3: India To Borrow Billions To Finance Irrigation
India plans to secure billions of dollars in loans from international banks to improve its irrigation systems and protect its agricultural sector from climate c ...Read more.

February 2: Emergency Food Needs Rise in Zimbabwe Amid Drought
A severe drought may double or even triple the number of people needing emergency food aid in Zimbabwe. Drinking water quality has declined in South Africa, a g ...Read more.


Staff Commentary from In The Circle


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