Almost half of the funds for Pakistan will be spent on irrigation and water infrastructure projects, report states.
Improved irrigation systems and water infrastructure projects are primary goals for the U.S. aid package to Pakistan, according to a U.S. State Department report released yesterday.
The Pakistan Assistance Strategy Report broadly states objectives for the $7.5 billion, five-year aid package that passed into law in October. Nearly $1.5 billion will be spent in the first year.
“Investments in Pakistan’s agriculture will address the impending water crisis, which the Pakistanis repeatedly raised with Secretary Clinton during her October 2009 visit to Pakistan, and will improve the profitability of agricultural markets,” the report states.
A warming climate is forcing the Pakistanis to revamp their water management infrastructure. The source of the Indus – Pakistan’s major river – are the ever-vulnerable Himalayan glaciers. As they melt, water supply in Pakistan is expected to decrease. This problem is compounded by an inefficient irrigation system that leaks half the water that enters it, according to the strategy report.
“To avoid potential disruption in rural incomes and food supplies from this pending water crisis, the Pakistanis urgently need investments in storage, canals, and irrigation services to improve water management. High impact, high visibility U.S. agriculture programs will likely include rehabilitation and/or expansion of irrigation to help make Pakistan’s agricultural industry more stable and profitable,” the report states.
Details about specific projects or how they will be selected are not yet available, USAID press officer Harry Edwards told Circle of Blue.
Most of the aid for water projects will be implemented through provincial irrigation districts, according to the report. This marks a shift in U.S. policy towards building up the strength of local government bodies.
The U.S. aid comes on top of a significant commitment to water investment by Pakistan itself. In 2001 the country’s Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) announced Vision 2025 – a $33 billion plan that develops the country’s water resources.
A major investment in dams will increase Pakistan’s hydropower generating capacity by threefold. The 40 announced Vision 2025 projects also include the construction of new storage reservoirs and canals, the extension of existing canals, and the dredging of existing reservoirs to remove silt build-up. Financing for these projects has come from internal sources, the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank and various national development agencies.
The Indus Basin irrigation system is among the largest in the world with the Pakistani system including 12 river-linking canals and 45 main irrigation canals. Pakistan shares the system with India through an agreement signed in 1960 that divides control of the Indus tributaries between the two countries.
Irrigated agriculture is essential to Pakistan’s economy and social stability. Nearly 70 percent of its exports are agriculture-based, and 90 percent of its food and fiber production relies on irrigation, according to the WAPDA.
The aid package was opposed by many Pakistani military leaders who viewed it as an attempt to impose America’s will on domestic politics, according to Dawn, a Pakistani newspaper.
Secretary Clinton tried to quell those fears in a speech in New York last week to the American-Pakistan Foundation.
“We seek not to impose our preferences on Pakistan or to override the government’s judgments or subvert the people’s will,” Clinton said. “Instead, we want a relationship based on mutual respect and shared responsibility.”