China – cancels 200 coal-fired power plants due, in part, to constraints on the country’s freshwater supplies.

U.S. – coal production, particularly in eastern coal belt, plummets due, in part, to reduction in China coal demand. $Billions in mine and power plant assets are written off.

South Africa – Giant Medupi and Kusile coal-fired power plants are years overdue and may not have sufficient supplies of water to operate at full capacity if and when they are completed in the early 2020s.

Peru – Newmont Mining cancels the development of the $US 4.8 billion Conga copper and gold mine. $Billions in gold resources stranded.

Peru – Government cancels Southern Copper’s Tia Maria project due to opposition over public concerns about water pollution. $Billions in copper reserves stranded.

Romania – Gabriel Resources cancels one of Europe’s largest gold mines due to citizen opposition cyanide leaching to separate gold from ore. $Billions in reserves stranded.

India – Government halts construction of 2,000-megawatt Lower Subansiri Dam in Assam due to public opposition to evictions, loss of fishing habitat, and fear of increased floods.

Vietnam – Two dams on the Dong Nai River that would damage ecologically valuable and globally unique wetlands are cancelled.