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Water Law
Ecuador and Oil: Chevron Loses Court Appeal Against $18 Billion Amazon Pollution Fine

Closing in on nearly two decades in court, this “David and Goliath” fight seems far from over. Plaintiffs contend that no amount of money can repair the damage to the environment and to the lives of the 30,000 who claim to have been affected, while the U.S. oil company has denounced the Ecuadorean court system as corrupt.

Gulf of Mexico BP Oil Spill Cofan indigenous tribe Ecuador United Houma Nation Louisiana Water Energy

Photo courtesy ofRainforest Action Network
Emergildo Criollo, leader of the Cofan indigenous tribe, was part of the Ecuadorean delegation that visited the United Houma Nation in Louisiana after the BP Deepwater Horizon spill in 2010.

On Tuesday, an Ecuadorean appeals court upheld a ruling that Chevron Corp must pay $US 18 billion in damages to the government of Ecuador for allegedly polluting the Amazon River basin and damaging people’s health, Reuters reported.

An Ecuadorean judge had ordered the U.S. oil giant to pay $US 8.6 billion in environmental damages last February, but the amount was increased to about $US 18 billion after Chevron failed to make a public apology, as required by the original ruling.

“We ratify the ruling of Febuary 14, 2011, in all its parts, including the sentence for moral reparation,” the court in the Amazonian city of Lago Agrio said in its ruling on Tuesday.

“This (ruling) confirms and ratifies that the company polluted and affected the Amazon,” the plaintiffs said in a statement. “It is necessary to clarify that no amount will be enough to repair all the crime they did in our area, nor will it be enough to bring the dead back to life.”

In the next chapter of the 18-year bitter legal dispute, Chevron — which is currently also battling claims that it is responsible for environmental damage from an offshore oil spill in Brazil last November — quickly denounced Tuesday’s appellate court decision, calling it “illegitimate” and a fraud, according to Reuters.

“Today’s decision is another glaring example of the politicization and corruption of Ecuador’s judiciary that has plagued this fraudulent case from the start,” the statement said. “The Lago Agrio judgment was procured through a corrupt and fraudulent scheme, much of which was captured on film and memorialized in the plaintiffs’ representatives’ own emails and correspondence.”

Chevron accuses the lawyers of misconduct, including fabricating expert reports, manufacturing evidence, bribing and colluding with court officials, among others.

In a statement, the company also said it was pursuing an action in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York against the plaintiffs’ lawyers for violations of the federal racketeering statute and common-law fraud.

Chevron is also banking on international arbitrators, who are expected to decide this month if they will weigh in on what has become a landmark international legal dispute.

Meanwhile, the plaintiffs’ latest statement has accused Chevron of “junk science,” lies, and “an international lobbying campaign to taint the reputation of Ecuador’s government.”

The laswsuit against the U.S. oil company was brought on behalf of 30,000 Ecuadoreans from the Amazon River basin, who accuse Texaco – which Chevron acquired in 2001 – of dumping 450 million barrels (19 billion gallons) of toxic oilfield waste and 400,000 barrels (17 million gallons) of raw crude oil into unlined pits and rivers in the Amazon jungle between 1972 and 1992 and of damaging indigenous people’s health, according to the BBC. The local community asserts that decades of negligent drilling have polluted nearly 5,000 square kilometers (2,000 square miles) of Amazon waterways traditionally used by for laundry, cooking, drinking, and bathing.

Chevron denies responsibility, saying that Texaco had cleaned up its share of waste pits. The company also argues that investigators have found no scientific evidence of the long-term environmental, health, and social damage that the plaintiffs describe.

Commenting on the appellate court’s ruling, Ecuador’s president, Rafael Correa, said he was happy and described the dispute as a “David and Goliath” battle.

Yet, an Edward Jones analyst in St. Louis told Bloomberg that the ultimate outcome is unlikely to “cost the company.”

“There is really very little that Ecuador can go after in the country, and Chevron doesn’t really have any material assets there,” Brian Youngberg said in a phone interview with Bloomberg. “We are going to have to watch this play out through the international court system and the U.S. court system.”

Source: BBC, Bloomberg, Financial Times, Global Post, Reuters

Author: Nadya Ivanova , a Bulgaria native, is a Chicago-based reporter for Circle of Blue. She co-writes The Stream, a daily digest of international water news trends. Interests: Europe, China, Environmental Policy, International Security.

Email: Nadya Ivanova  :: Follow on Google+   :: Follow on Twitter :: More Articles


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