The Assembly votes on Thursday.
After clearing the first of two legislative chambers, groundwater reform is one step closer in California.
By a vote of 26 to 11, the state Senate passed AB 1739, a bill that will require areas that use the most groundwater and have the largest populations to submit plans for managing the resource and to set goals for balancing groundwater supply and demand.
The Assembly is expected to vote on the bill on Thursday, as well as on a companion bill sponsored in the Senate.
“We praise the California Senate for their leadership and dedication to advancing AB 1739,” said Lester Snow, executive director of the California Water Foundation, which held meetings and led negotiations that facilitated the bill’s journey through the Legislature. “Today’s bipartisan vote brought northern, southern and coastal elected representatives together to move us significantly closer to protecting our vital groundwater supplies for current and future generations.”
A severe drought, now in its third year, has revealed deep geological and social calamities resulting from unchecked use of groundwater. As more and more water is pumped from the ground, the land surface in the Central Valley, the state’s agricultural hub, is deforming, impairing the ability of canal systems to deliver water to cities and farms. In Tulare County, also in the Central Valley, hundreds of families are without running water after their shallow wells dried up.
The Senate vote largely followed party lines, with a few regional defections. Urban officials and urban water utilities lined up in favor of the bill in droves this week. The only two Republicans voting with the Democratic majority both represent districts around San Diego, whose water wholesaler endorsed the measure.
The bill faced opposition from agricultural interests in the Central Valley .
Along with passage of a water bond, stricter oversight of the state’s groundwater reserves, which account for more than 60 percent of state water use this year, was a top legislative goal this year for Governor Jerry Brown. The Legislature passed a $US 7.5 billion water bond on August 13.
Approval from the Legislature and the governor is but a first step in the path to reform. The bill requires the Department of Water Resources to develop by June 1, 2016 rules for evaluating the groundwater management plans that local agencies must produce.
Only one-quarter of the state’s 515 groundwater basins are covered under the rules. These are the basins where groundwater use is highest and the population is largest. These basins have until June 30, 2017 to form a management agency and until January 31, 2020 to submit a management plan to the state.
The plans will have a broad effect. Counties must consult them before making changes to land development plans. The groundwater management agencies will have the power to collect fees from water users that will pay for projects that put water back into depleted basins.
Brett writes about agriculture, energy, infrastructure, and the politics and economics of water in the United States. He also writes the Federal Water Tap, Circle of Blue’s weekly digest of U.S. government water news. He is the winner of two Society of Environmental Journalists reporting awards, one of the top honors in American environmental journalism: first place for explanatory reporting for a series on septic system pollution in the United States(2016) and third place for beat reporting in a small market (2014). Brett lives in Seattle, where he hikes the mountains and bakes pies. Contact Brett Walton